NCD, body fat excess & lack of physical activity
50% of NCD relate to body fat excess and lack of physical activity
Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) is defined as a disease that has a prolonged course, that does not resolve spontaneously, and for which a complete cure is rarely achieved.
These diseases have complex causes, with multiple risk factors, long latency period, non-contagious (noncommunicable) and functional impairment or #disability. Illnesses as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, chronic neurologic disorders (Alzheimer’s, dementia), arthritis/musculoskeletal #diseases are examples of NCD.
The risk factors for NCD are aspects of personal #behavior or #lifestyle, environmental exposure, or hereditary characteristic that is associated with an increase in the occurrence of a particular disease, injury, or other #health condition.
WHO has prioritized the following four risk factors, which can reduce or control these diseases:
‒ #physical inactivity,
‒ #tobacco use,
‒ #alcohol use, and
‒ Unhealthy #diets (increased fat and sodium, with low fruit and vegetable intake).
Being 50% of NCD diseases are related to body fat excess and lack of physical activity, our personal choices can improve the way we are going to live our lives - #healthier or not.
Booth FW, Roberts CK, Laye, MJ. Lack of exercise is a major cause of chronic diseases. Compr Physiol. 2012 April; 2(2): 1143–1211. DOI:10.1002/cphy.c110025.
WHO. World Health Organization. Available at who.int.